3 Historical Mosque in Istanbul
3 Historical Mosque in Istanbul
Have you ever wondered about the historical mosques in Istanbul and the sultans who built these works? if the answer is yes, the information you are looking for is in this article. After the conquest of Istanbul, the mosque-building tradition started by Sultan Fatih. And then, grand viziers, pashas and members of the Ottoman dynasty start to do same thing. As a result, Istanbul, which used to be a Christian Byzantine city, started to look like a Muslim city.
For this reason, people who come to visit this beautiful city should definitely visit these mosques that have witnessed history. For your convenience, I made a list of 3 historical mosques in Istanbul for you.
1- Blue Mosque
Among the historical mosques in Istanbul, the most visited structure is the Blue Mosque, which located in Sultanahmet. It was built by Sultan Ahmet and opened for worship in 1617. A total of 21043 tiles were used in the interior decorations of the structure, which has the property of being the first mosque with the 6 minarets during the Ottoman period. Because of the blue and white tiles, the mosque was named “Blue Mosque” by foreigners who visited it.
Another feature that distinguishes the Blue Mosque from other mosques is the construction of the Hunkar Kasr in this structure, which allows the transition to the Hunkar mahfili section, where Sultans pray.
Sultan Ahmed’s, who built the mosque, tomb is located in the northeast corner of the outer courtyard of the mosque.
2- Süleymaniye Mosque
Among the historical mosques in Istanbul, another most visited building is the Süleymaniye Mosque, architect Sinan's masterpiece in Istanbul. Built by Suleiman The Magnificent at a time when the Ottoman Empire was at its peak. The mosque was opened for worship in 1557.
The dome of the Süleymaniye Mosque, which is 53 meters high and 26.5 meters in diameter, is the largest dome among the historical mosques in Istanbul. In the community of the Great Süleymaniye complex, there are shrines of Suleyman The Magnificent, Hurrem Sultan and Sinan the Architect.
Located on the historical peninsula, you can also enjoy beautiful view of the Golden Horn and Bosphorus from the outer courtyard.
3- New Mosque
The New Mosque, located in Eminönü, is one of the most magnificent mosques on the Bosphorus coast and one of the main icons of the Istanbul skyline. The building, which is the last example of large mosques built by Ottoman Sultan families, also has the distinction of being the mosque whose construction was completed in the longest time.
The mosque, also known as the Valide Sultan Mosque, was built in 1597. It was started by lII. Mehmet's mother Safiye Sultan, and because of the various reasons, the completion of the structure happened in 1663 thanks to IV. Mehmet's mother Hatice Turhan Sultan. And it also has Hunkar Mansion, located on the Bosphorus side of the mosque, is the most magnificent mension of the Ottoman in the 17. Century.
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